Though scientists have proposed many theoretical studies that proved crystallization in some ancient stars takes place, but the recent research has proved it with direct evidence. This means Stars including our Sun can transform into crystals after going through their final aging stages.
Scientists from the University of Warwick have identified the first-ever straightforward evidence that confirmed crystallization of white dwarf stars or conversion of burning liquid core into a solid matter. The research was published in the journal Nature on Wednesday.
The earlier assumptions by various astronomers regarding stars’ crystallization were successfully and evidently proved. The team processed the information collected by Gala satellite of the European Space Agency and evaluated around 15,000 different white dwarf stars. In the evaluation, the scientists identified a cluster of stars with luminosities and colors that were similar to those anticipated for crystallized white dwarfs.
The research led by Pier-Emmanuel Tremblay, who is a physicist, announced the results 50 Years after the prediction.
He stated that in the upcoming time, all the dwarf stars would slowly crystallize during the evolution. According to the statement, there are currently billions of white dwarf stars that have already been transformed into crystalline spheres in the space. The prediction reveals that our Sun will possibly turn into a crystalline form in about 10 billion years.
As per the study, white dwarfs are highly packed and very dense stars, with the positively charged nuclei, are accumulated in the form of liquid inside their cores. But with the time, the energy in the star goes on reducing, that solidifies the fluid and forms a metal core. As these white dwarfs are among the oldest stellar objects present in the universe with expected phases of their life; scientists generally employ them as ticking clocks to study the surrounding constellation of stars. That’s why the crystallization process could be able to predict the ages of stars.